I have tried to use as few abbreviations as possible in the database, to avoid confusion and the possibility of misinterpretation. However, a few were used simply to avoid overly long names, and where the abbreviations are in common current usage.



a                      after

A/Cdr.             Air Commodore

b                      before

Brig.-Gen.        Brigadier-General

Bt.        Baronet

c                      circa

C.M.G.                 Companion of the Most Distinguihed Order of St. Michael and St. George

de jure              Latin expression that means "by law", as contrasted with de facto, which means "in fact". (from

(typically used where a title is later found to have belonged to an individual, but it was disputed during that individual’s lifetime)

D.C.M.G.                 Dame Commander of the Most Distinguihed Order of St. Michael and St. George

D.L.                     Deputy Lieutenant

dsp                      decessit sine prole, or in English, died without issue

E.                     England

F/O                  Flying Officer

G.C.M.G.                 Knight Grand Cross or Dame Grand Cross of the Most Distinguihed Order of St. Michael and St. George

G.B.                 Great Britain

H.E.I.C.S.                     Honourable East India Company Service

H.M.S.             His/Her Majesty’s Ship

Hon.                 The Honourable

HM                  His/Her Majesty

HRH                His/Her Royal Highness

I.                      Ireland

J.P.                  Justice of the Peace

K.C.M.G.                 Knight Commander of the Most Distinguihed Order of St. Michael and St. George

Lt.                    Lieutenant

Lt.-Col.            Lieutenant-Colonel

Lt.-Cdr.           Lieutenant-Commander

Lt.-Gen.           Lieutenant-General

Maj.-Gen.        Major-General

M.P.                Member of Parliament

mid                mentioned in dispatches

N.S.                 Nova Scotia

P/O                  Pilot Officer

POW               Prisoner of War

Rev.                 Reverend

R.D.                 Registration District or Reserve Decoration or Rural Dean

R-Adm.                      Rear-Admiral

Rt. Hon.           The Right Honourable

S.                     Scotland

SCL                     Student of Civil Law

S/Ldr.              Squadron Leader

suo jure            in his/her own right (e.g. where a title descends to a female, and she holds that title in her own name)

U.K.                United Kingdom

V.C.                 Victoria Cross

W/Cdr.            Wing Commander


All other abbreviations in the database should only occur immediately after the full phrase, e.g. Privy Counsellor (P.C.). Please report any other abbreviations to